Monteverde was first inhabited in the 1930s by Costa Rican families who dedicated themselves to open spaces and subsistence farming. In 1950, 4 pacifist Quakers from Alabama were jailed for not participating in the war against Korea. As soon as they were released they looked for where to live in peace outside the United States along with other families in their community. Costa Rica being of interest because at that time this country had already abolished the army, besides being very green and potentially very productive. In 1951, 44 Quakers from 11 families arrived in this particular area and coined the name Monteverde. They brought their sense of friendship and cooperation. The Cheese Factory was founded in 1953. Today it produces 2 tons of cheese a day. There are 180 producers, mostly Costa Ricans.